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DOI:http://dx.doi.org/10.26855/ijfsa.2020.09.007

Effect of Mineral Nitrogen Fertilizer on Growth, Quality and Economic Return of Garlic (Allium sativum L.) at Haramaya District, Eastern Ethiopia

Fikru Tamiru Kenea1,*, Fikreyohannes Gedamu2

1College of Agriculture and Natural Resource Management, Dilla University, P. O. Box 419, Dilla, Ethiopia.

2College of Agriculture and Environmental Sciences, Haramaya University, P. O. Box 138, Dire Dawa, Ethiopia.

*Corresponding author: Fikru Tamiru Kenea

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Abstract

Garlic (Allium sativum L.) is an important vegetable crop in Ethiopia. The yield of the crop is often constrained by low and unbalanced nutrient supply in the soil. This study was undertaken to assess effect of mineral nitrogen (N) on growth, quality and economic return of garlic variety Chelenko I during 2016 main rainy season. The treatment consisted of five levels of nitrogen (0, 52.5, 80, 105 and 130 kg ha-1) were laid out in a randomized complete block design and replicated three times. Significant maximum total dry matter and total soluble solid were recorded at the rate of 130 kg N ha-1. Due to the application of 130 kg N ha-1 fertilizer, the economic analysis showed the highest net benefit cost of 198,701 ETB ha-1 and marginal rate of return (1,976.36%) with incurred highest total variable cost of 3,299 ETB ha-1. Therefore, from the results of this study, it can be concluded that, the maximum growth and quality and economic return of garlic was obtained with application of 130 kg N ha-1 fertilizer as it gave the highest net benefit cost that leads this investigation to recommend highest rate of 130 kg N ha-1 fertilizer for the study area.

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Effect of Mineral Nitrogen Fertilizer on Growth, Quality and Economic Return of Garlic (Allium sativum L.) at Haramaya District, Eastern Ethiopia
How to cite this paper: Fikru Tamiru Kenea, Fikreyohannes Gedamu. (2020) Effect of Mineral Nitrogen Fertilizer on Growth, Quality and Economic Return of Garlic (Allium sativum L.) at Haramaya District, Eastern EthiopiaInternational Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture4(3)268-277.

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.26855/ijfsa.2020.09.007

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