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DOI:http://dx.doi.org/10.26855/ijfsa.2020.09.008

Adoption of Introduced Homestead Agro-Forestry Technologies in Lemo Woreda, Hadiya Zone, Southern Ethiopia

Yohannes Horamo1, Munyaradzi Chitakira2, Kowiyou Yessoufou3, Girma Woldemichael4,*

1Department of Natural Resources Management, Wachemo University, Hosana, Ethiopia.

2Department of Environmental Sciences, University of South Africa, Florida, South Africa.

3Department of Geography, Environmental Management and Energy Studies, Auckland Park 2006, University of Johannesburg, South Africa.

4Department of Environmental Science, Wachemo University, Hosana, Ethiopia.

*Corresponding author: Girma Woldemichael

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Abstract

Homestead is land use system in which multi-purpose trees and shrubs are found in close association with perennial or annual agricultural plants and with animals. Lack of study on adoption and the processes involved impeded the successful introduction and adoption of various agro-forestry practices and other rural technologies in rural communities. Homestead agro-forestry technologies (HAFT) have been introduced and their adoption by farmers is not clearly known and their effects have not yet been investigated and documented in the study area. Despite that, this study was thus designed to study on introduced HAFT with the aim to assess the adoption of introduced HAFT in order to assist the development of homestead agro-forestry in the most effective and efficient way. A structured based questionnaire was used to collect data on farmers’ adoption of the introduced HAFT. Using random sampling a total of 131 households were selected for interview. For data analysis, the Statistical Package for Social Science (SPSS) was used. According to the respondents, the reasons for adoption of HAFT were: (1) provision of income, (2) source of food, (3) biomass need, (4) need for organic fertilizer, (5) fodder and (6) soil and water conservation, whereas the reasons for not adopting HAFT were: (1) shortage of resource capacity, (2) lack of awareness and (3) shortage of water. The study revealed that HAFT adoption was progressive in the first five years. Wealth status, level of education and land size at (p<0.05) and similarly distance from nursery and credit facilities at (p<0.1) are statistically significant factors influencing adoption of HAFT, whereas other 9 factors (age, sex, family size, land tenure, extension service, incentives, knowledge about HAFT, labor and distance from market) are not statistically significant. In general, fostering research and education to enhance capacities and skills in order to reduce uncertainties with regard to HAFT seems necessary.

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Adoption of Introduced Homestead Agro-Forestry Technologies in Lemo Woreda, Hadiya Zone, Southern Ethiopia
How to cite this paper: Yohannes Horamo, Munyaradzi Chitakira, Kowiyou Yessoufou, Girma Woldemichael. (2020) Adoption of Introduced Homestead Agro-Forestry Technologies in Lemo Woreda, Hadiya Zone, Southern Ethiopia. International Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture4(3)278-292.

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.26855/ijfsa.2020.09.008

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