Hill Publishing Group | contact@hillpublisher.com

Hill Publishing Group

Location:Home / Journals / International Journal of Food Science and Agriculture /

DOI:http://dx.doi.org/10.26855/ijfsa.2020.12.003

Possibility of a Chemical Floral Filter in Sisyrinchium rosulatum to Syrphinae Hoverflies

Hidehiro Inagaki*, Nakatani So, Saruta Yuto

Shizuoka University, Fujieda, Japan.

*Corresponding author: Hidehiro Inagaki

PDF Downloads
Date: October 14,2020 Hits: 204, How to cite this paper

Abstract

Syrphinae hoverflies are important insects in agriculture because they are natural enemies of aphids and excellent pollinators. For effective conservation and habitat management of the Syrphinae, it is important to understand which flowers they visit. So far, we have demonstrated that the flowers visited by Syrphinae have flat, simple shapes. However, the annual blue-eyed grass (Sisyrinchium rosulatum) is an exception because, even though it has flat, simple flowers, there have been no observations of Syrphinae visiting it. In this study, therefore, we hypothesized that the Syrphinae avoid S. rosulatum because its flower scent acts as a filter. We, therefore, tested whether the Syrphinae would avoid S. rosulatum flowers even under restricted, closed conditions, and checked the Syrphinae antipathy to the flower scent of S. rosulatum using a T-shaped tube. Our results confirmed that the Syrphinae seldom visit S. rosulatum flowers even in a closed environment. Our next examination of Syrphinae selectivity showed that the hoverflies preferred Oxalis corniculata to S. rosulatum. In addition, Syrphinae selected an “empty” option rather than S. rosulatum. These results confirmed that Syrphinae avoided the flowers of S. rosulatum. Moreover, it is suggested that Syrphinae avoid the flower because of the scent because they were unable to visually identify the flowers in the experiment using T-shaped tubes.

References

[1] Millennium Ecosystem Assessment. (2005). Ecosystems and Human Well-Being: Synthesis. Island Press, Washington, DC. 

[2] Antoine, C. D. (2019). Functional Biodiversity and the Concept of Ecological Function. From Assessing to Conserving Biodi-versity (pp. 297-316), Berlin: Springer.

[3] Tilman, D. (2001). Functional diversity. In Encyclopedia of biodiversity, 3, pp. 109-120.

[4] Naeem, S. (2002). Functional biodiversity. In H. A. Mooney & J. G. Canadell (Eds.), Encyclopedia of global environmental change (pp. 20-36). Chichester/Rexdale: Wiley.

[5] Petchey, O. L., & Gaston, K. J. (2006). Functional diversity: Back to basics and looking forward. Ecology Letters, 9, 741-758.

[6] AFFRC, NIAES and NIAS (Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries Research Council, National Institute for Agro-Environmental Sciences and National Institute of Agrobiologicalciences). (2012). Indicator Animals of Functional Agrobiodiversity: A Survey and Evaluation Manual. (in Japanese). http://www.niaes.affrc.go.jp/techdoc/shihyo/ Viewed 24 Aug. 2020. 

[7] Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs (DEFRA). (2007). An introductory guide to valuing ecosystem services. https://assets.publishing.service.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/69192/pb12852-eco-valuing-071205.pdf. Viewed 24 Aug. 2020.

[8] Storkey, J. (2006). A functional group approach to the management of UK arable weeds to support biological 153 diversity. Weed Research, 46, 513-522.

[9] Kakimoto, K., Matsuhira, K., Inoue, H., Nakasima, A., Ito, Y., Abe, J., Ohta, I., Mizutani, N., & Ohno, K. (2016). Effectiveness of conservation biological control against the cotton aphid Aphis gossypii Gloverin okra fields I. Attractiveness of beneficial hoverflies by some varieties or species of basil Ocimum basilicum L. Annual Report of Kansai Plant Protection association, 58, 41-44. (in Japanese)

[10] Tanaka, K. (2016). Functional Biodiversity Indicators and their Evaluation Methods in Japanese Farmlands. In The Challenges of Agro-Environmental Research in Monsoon Asia (pp. 159-169), Tsukuba: National Institute for Agro-Environmental Sciences (NIAES). 

[11] Pontin, D. R., Wade, M. R., Kehrli, K., & Wratten S. D. (2006). Ann. Appl. Biol. 148, 39-47. 

[12] Sadeghi, H. (2008). Abundance of adult hoverflies (Diptera: Syrphidae) on different flowering plants. Caspian Journal of En-vironmental Science 6, 47-51.

[13] Graham, E. R., & Gilbert, F. (2011). The natural history of hoverfries. Devon: Forest Text, UK.

[14] Hogg, B. N., Bugg, R. L., & Daane, K. M. (2011). Attractiveness of common insectary and harvestable floral resources to beneficial insects. Biol. Control, 56, 76-84.

[15] Laubertie, E. A., Wratten S. D., & Hemptinne J. L. (2012). The contribution of potential beneficial insectary plant species to adult hoverfly (Diptera: Syrphidae) fitness. Biol. Control, 61, 1-6. 

[16] Ohno, K., Takenoyama, K, & Kitayama, Y. (2012). Development and evaluation of Insector plant. Annual report of the associ-ation for plant protection of Kyushu, 59, 123-124. (in Japanese)

[17] Tanaka, H. (2000). Color and odor of Japanese wild flowers in relation to pollinators. Honeybee science, 21, 107-113.

[18] Marriott, C. G., & Holloway, G. J. (1998). Colour Pattern Plasticity in the Hoverfly, Episyrphus balteatus: The Critical Immature Stage and Reaction Norm on Developmental Temperature. Journal of insect physiology, 44, 113-119.

[19] Omura, H., Honda, K., & Hayashi, N. (2000). Floral Scent of Osmanthus fragrans Discourages Foraging Behavior of Cabbage Butterfly, Journal of Chemical Ecology, 26, 655-666.

Full-Text HTML

Possibility of a Chemical Floral Filter in Sisyrinchium rosulatum to Syrphinae Hoverflies
How to cite this paper: Hidehiro Inagaki, Nakatani So, Saruta Yuto. (2020) Possibility of a Chemical Floral Filter in Sisyrinchium rosulatum to Syrphinae Hoverflies. International Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture4(4), 379-382.

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.26855/ijfsa.2020.12.003

Volumes(Year) & Month

Free HPG Newsletters

Add your e-mail address to receive free newsletters from Hill Publishing Group.

Contact us

Hill Publishing Group

8825 53rd Ave

Elmhurst, NY 11373, USA

E-mail: contact@hillpublisher.com

Copyright © 2019 Hill Publishing Group Inc. All Rights Reserved.