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DOI:http://dx.doi.org/10.26855/jamc.2021.03.001

A Mathematical Model for the Response of Immune Cells to Mycobacterium Tuberculosis

Date: January 20,2021 |Hits: 219 Download PDF How to cite this paper

Fitri Nur Rahmawati, Yudi Ari Adi*

Department of Mathematics, Faculty of Applied Science and Technology, Ahmad Dahlan University, Yogyakarta, Indonesia.

*Corresponding author: Yudi Ari Adi

Abstract

Tuberculosis (TB) is an infectious disease that is a problem almost all over the world. In 2019, the World Health Organization (WHO) reported 10 million new infections each year, with an average of 1.2 million people dying from the disease. Vaccination to healthy people is an effort to protect against infection with this disease. In this paper, a mathematical model of the interaction of the immune response against Mycobacterium tuberculosis with vaccine administration is studied. The model is in the form of a system of ordinary differential equations with four variables. Furthermore, an analysis of the stability of the equilibrium point is carried out. The results obtained indicate that the disease-free equilibrium point is globally asymptotically stable if R0≤1, and unstable if R0>1. The sensitivity analysis showed that the infection rate and the bacterial growth rate were the two most influencing factors for the infection’s survival. This study’s results are expected to be reference doctors and paramedics to reduce tuberculosis cases.

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How to cite this paper

A Mathematical Model for the Response of Immune Cells to Mycobacterium Tuberculosis

How to cite this paper: Fitri Nur Rahmawati, Yudi Ari Adi. (2021) A Mathematical Model for the Response of Immune Cells to Mycobacterium Tuberculosis. Journal of Applied Mathematics and Computation5(1), 1-8.

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.26855/jamc.2021.03.001

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