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International Journal of Food Science and Agriculture

Impact Assessment of Extension Program on Hybrid Rice Adoption in Myanmar

Author:Phyu Lay MYINT , Orachos Napasintuwong, Naing KYI WIN Date:July 24,2019 Hits:

Abstract

In Myanmar, almost all of research activities are centered on Extension Division that organized with versatile agricultural specialists who are most likely to distribute research activities and new innovation technologies to remote areas. Pearl Thwe hybrid rice seed production was introduced in 2011/2012 in monsoon, for poverty alleviation and better living standard of farmers due to its higher yield. Sown area however is very limited to adopt. The purposes of this study are to evaluate the impact assessment of extension program by benefit-cost ratio (B:C), and to examine the most effective methodologies by marginal effect. The seasonal data (580 sample sizes) were collected in 58 Townships of four State and Regions, from 2011/2012 to 2015/2016. The results showed that annual average growth rate of Pearl Thwe adoption in Nay Pyi Taw, Kachin, Kayin, Chin, Tanintharyi, Bago and Magway Region/State are satisfied while the rest State and Region are highly unsatisfactory. Nevertheless, Sagaing, Mandalay, Mon, Shan and Ayeyarwaddy Region/State increased adoption areas yearly even having decreasing growth rate. Among still operating various extension methods in Myanmar, field day, media and field-trial are the best, and demonstration and farmer-field-school are also satisfied whilst integrated method, workshop, other method (traditionally), training and group discussion methods are unsatisfactory for hybrid rice adoption, in accordance with cost (applied extension methodologies) and benefit (Pearl Thwe’ adoption). By the perception and perception score of Township Officer, farmer field school, workshop, other method, integrated method, the media were unacknowledged, and market access and input are constraint factors while technical assistance and source of seed are most likely convenient factors. In order to promote the reliable extension methodologies in Myanmar, the policy makers should try to be more familiar to the media and farmer-field-school to farmers as field day, on farm-trial and demonstration.

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Impact Assessment of Extension Program on Hybrid Rice Adoption in Myanmar


Phyu Lay MYINT, Orachos Napasintuwong, Naing KYI WIN 

 

Staff Officer, Extension Division, Department of Agriculture (DOA), Ministry of Agriculture, Livestock and Irrigation (MOALI), 15011 Nay Pyi Taw, Myanmar.

Department of Agricultural and Resource Economics, Faculty of Economics, Kasetsart University, 10900 Bangkok, Thailand. 

Director General, Department of Agricultural Research (DAR), Ministry of Agriculture, Livestock and Irrigation (MOALI), Yezin, Myanmar.

 

*Corresponding author: Phyu Lay MYINT, Staff Officer, Extension Division, Department of Agriculture (DOA), Ministry of Agriculture, Livestock and Irrigation (MOALI), 15011 Nay Pyi Taw, Myanmar. 

Email: phyulaymyint1980@gmail.com

 

How   to   cite   this   paper:   MYINT   PL., Napasintuwong O., KYI  WIN N. (2019) Impact  Assessment  of  Extension  Program on   Hybrid   Rice   Adoption   in   Myanmar. International Journal of Food Science and Agriculture, 3(3), 158-169. 

DOI: 10.26855/ijfsa.2019.09.003

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