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International Journal of Food Science and Agriculture

Correlation between true seed and tuber dormancy in a Solanum tuberosum group phureja × stenotomum population

Author:Muhammad WASIM HAIDER , Kathleen G. HAYNES , Chaudhry MUHAMMAD AYYUB , Habat ULLAH ASAD , Naveed Ur REHMAN , Mahmood Ul HASSAN Date:July 29,2019 Hits:

Abstract

Short tuber dormancy is desirable when multiple cropping seasons occur yearly, yet most potato cultivars were developed for regions with one growing season per year and have long dormancy.  Although several methods exist for breaking tuber dormancy, they can lead to uneven emergence and poor stand counts. Breeding short dormancy cultivars could alleviate this problem. A long-day adapted diploid hybrid population of S. tuberosum Group phureja- S. stenotomum (phu-stn) has been developed with short tuber dormancy. The purpose of this study was to determine if there was a correlation between tuber dormancy in these phu-stn parents and true potato seed dormancy in their offspring, which would allow rapid breeding of short-dormancy germplasm. Tuber dormancy was evaluated for 12 diploid phu-stn parents harvested from three different locations: Presque Isle, Maine (ME), Plymouth, North Carolina (NC) and Beltsville, Maryland (MD) and stored at 7 °C in MD. Twelve crosses were made among these parents. Each parent was represented twice in the offspring.  True potato seed (TPS) from these 12 families were disinfected and soaked in water for 24 hours, dried, and sown in tissue culture. TPS germination was recorded daily for 35 days and the germinated proportion was calculated. The experiment was conducted three times. Parental tuber dormancy ranged from 6-10+ weeks and varied significantly among locations. TPS family proportion germination ranged from 9 to 99%. There was no correlation (r = 0.01) between parental tuber dormancy and seedling vigor index. These results show that the relationship between offspring TPS dormancy and their parent’s tuber dormancy is unpredictable. Additional research is needed to determine if selection for early sprouting in the offspring in vitro is correlated with short tuber dormancy in subsequent field generations of these offspring.

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Correlation between true seed and tuber dormancy in a  Solanum  tuberosum  group  phureja  ×  stenotomum population

Muhammad WASIM HAIDER , Kathleen G. HAYNES , Chaudhry MUHAMMAD AYYUB , Habat ULLAH ASAD , Naveed Ur REHMAN ,  Mahmood Ul HASAN
Institute of Horticultural Sciences, University of Agriculture, Faisalabad, 38040, Pakistan
USDA-ARS, Genetic improvement of Fruits and Vegetables Laboratory, Beltsville, MD 20705, USA

*Corresponding author: Muhammad WASIM HAIDER, Institute of Horticultural Sciences, University of Agriculture, Faisalabad, 38040, Pakistan. 
Email: m.wasim.haider@uaf.edu.pk

How to cite this paper: HAIDER, M. W., HAYNES, K. G., AYYUB, C. M., ASAD, H. U., REHMAN, N. U., HASAN, M. U. (2019) Correlation between true seed and tuber   dormancy   in   a   solanum   tuberosum group   phureja   ×  stenotomum   population. International Journal of Food Science and Agriculture, 3(3), 180-187. 
DOI: 10.26855/ijfsa.2019.09.006

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