International Journal of Food Science and Agriculture

ISSN Print: 2578-3467 Downloads: 102419 Total View: 2006614
Frequency: quarterly ISSN Online: 2578-3475 CODEN: IJFSJ3

Brachiaria ruziziensis fodder: A Supplementary Resource for Livestock in the Cotton Production Zone of Mali

Ba Alassane1,*, Traoré Sidi Oumar2, Diawara Mamadou Oumar3, Traoré Amadou2, Koné Abdoul Kader2, Coulibaly Doubangolo1

1Institut d'Economie Rurale (IER), Centre Régional de Recherche Agronomique (CRRA) de Sotuba, BP: 262, Bamako, Mali. 

2Institut d'Economie Rurale (IER), Centre Régional de Recherche Agronomique (CRRA) de Sikasso, BP: 16 Sikasso, Mali. 

3Département de Biologie, Faculté des Sciences et Techniques (FST), Université des Sciences, des Techniques et des Technologies de Bamako (USTT-B), Colline de Badalabougou, B.P. 3206 Bamako, Mali.

*Corresponding author: Ba Alassane

Published: January 16,2023


For providing vegetation cover, feeding animals during the lean periods and thus reducing the external reliance of producers, research in partnership with producers has undertaken the introduction and development of the Brachiaria ruziziensis forage crop in the farming systems. During the 2020-2021 rainy season, experiments were conducted among 40 producers in 8 villages in the cotton production zone of Mali. The experimental setup was a scattered block where each producer represents a replication. At each producer, the plot was divided into 3 treatments as follows: T1 = pure Brachiaria ruziziensis; T2 = maize and Brachiaria ruziziensis association and T3 = pure maize. Biomass production was highly variable between treatments. It was better in T1 with a production of 6,489 kg DM/ha; it was 4,041 kg DM/ha in T2 and 2,637 kg DM/ha in T3. However, the analysis of variance did not reveal a significant difference (0.4821) between treatments T2 and T3 for seed corn yield. The yield was 2,066 kg/ha in Q2 and 2,347 kg/ha in Q3. This shows that the corn/Brachiaria combination does not significantly affect the yield of seed corn. Economically, the grossmargin of T1 (532,433 CFA/ha) was more profitable than T2 (469,246 CFA/ha) and T3 (343,578 CFA/ha). These results show that the adoption of Brachiaria ruziziensis is one of the means for sustainable intensification of agricultural and livestock production systems in the cotton production zone of Mali.


[1] F. Sissoko, S. Diarra, and M. Traoré, « Direct seedingunder plant cover: an opportunity for rapid establishment of rainfed cotton in Mali », Int. J. Biol. Chem. Sci., vol. 14, no 3, Art. no 3, juin 2020, doi: 10.4314/ijbcs.v14i3.7.

[2] T. P. Hinimbio, « Rehabilitation of soilfertility through the use of bioresources (Crotalariajuncea L. and Brachiaria ruziziensis G. &E.) in the Far Northcotton zone, Cameroon. PhDThesis, University of Maroua (Cameroon), 238 P », 2019.

[3] O. Husson et al., « Brachiariasp: B. ruziziensis, B. brizantha, B. decumbens, B. humidicola.Technical data sheets for covercrops: Perennial grasses, CIRAD network http://agroecologie.cirad.f », 2008.

[4] G. J. Azangue, V. F. Nguetsop, F. Tendonkeng, D. F. Wauffo, and E. T. Pamo, « Effects of differentlevels of fertilization with chicken droppings on growth and biomass production of Brachiariaruziziensis (Poaceae) according to phenological stages in West Cameroon», Int. J. Biol. Chem. Sci., vol. 13, no 3, p. 1762‑1774, 2019.

[5] F. Tendonkeng, B. Boukila, T. E. Pamo, A. V. Mboko, and N. E. F. Matumuini, « Direct and residual effect of different levels of nitrogen fertilization on growth and yield of Brachiaria ruziziensis at different phenological stages », Tropicultura, 2011.

[6] S. Adjolohounet al., « Influence of spacing and nitrogenfertilization on yield and seedquality of Brachiaria ruziziensis in sub-humid tropical climate », Fourrages, vol. 216, p. 339‑345, 2013.

[7] G. Boudetand R. Rivière, « Practical use of forage analysis for the evaluation of tropical pastures », Rev. Elev. Médecine Vét. Pays Trop., p. 21 (2): 227-266, 1968.

[8] S. Ouédraogo, « Production and valorization of fodderresources: A successful example in Sebedougou», L’EXPRESS DU FASO, 27 octobre 2020. (consulté le 5 décembre 2020).

[9] S. O. Traore, A. Ba, D. Coulibaly, A. K. Koné, B. Koné, and N. F. Dembélé, « Production of Mucuna pruriens fodder for animals and its gross margin in the cotton production zone of Mali», Int. J. Biol. Chem. Sci., vol. 15, no 1, Art. no 1, avr. 2021.

[10] I. Nchoutnji, A. L. Dongmo, M. Mbiandoun, and P. Dugué, « Increasing biomass production in agro-pastoralist areas: the case of cereal-based cropping systems in northern Cameroon», Tropicultura, p. 133‑138, 2010.

[11] D. Coulibaly, A. Ba, B. Dembele, and F. Sissoko, «Development of innovative production systems of maize/legume association in the sub-humid zone of Mali», Agron. Afr., vol. 29, no 1, p. 1-10‑10, janv. 2017.

[12] D. Coulibaly, A. Ba, and B. Dembélé, « Cultivation of mucuna (Mucunapruriens) for fodder production in the Mali-South zone, Soumaré M., Havard M. (eds). Innovation for improving the productivity and sustainability of cotton-based farming systems in Mali. IER, CIRAD, AFD, CNRA, Bamako, Mali », 2018.

How to cite this paper

Brachiaria ruziziensis fodder: A Supplementary Resource for Livestock in the Cotton Production Zone of Mali

How to cite this paper:  Ba Alassane, Traoré Sidi Oumar, Diawara Mamadou Oumar, Traoré Amadou, Koné Abdoul Kader, Coulibaly Doubangolo. (2022) Brachiaria ruziziensis fodder: A Supplementary Resource for Livestock in the Cotton Production Zone of MaliInternational Journal of Food Science and Agriculture6(4), 409-415.