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Gender Differences in Agricultural Productivity among Rice Farmers in Anambra State, Nigeria: Drivers and Strategies for A Gender Responsive Agriculture

Date: January 31,2023 |Hits: 363 Download PDF How to cite this paper

Onyinyechukwu H. Onubogu

Department of Agricultural Economics and Extension, Chukwuemeka Odumegwu Ojukwu University, Igbariam, Anambra State, Nigeria.

*Corresponding author: Onyinyechukwu H. Onubogu


Gender inequality in access to land and other farm inputs has been identified as one of the causes of the declining productivity in agriculture and this varies across farm enterprises and regions. We examined gender differences in rice productivity in Anambra state Nigeria and identified the drivers of gender gap. Descriptive statistics, Likert scale and multiple regression analysis were used to analyse the data collected. The result showed that most of the rice farmers were male, married, educated, and within the average age of 45 years. The average household size was 7 persons while they had an average of 11 years farming experience. Finding on their productivity showed mean farm sizes of 1.02has and 0.8ha for male and female farmers respectively while average outputs of 668kgs/ha and 585kgs/ha were harvested by the male and female farmers respectively. Farm size, household size, and quality of seed planted had positive effect on the output of rice while gender and marital status had negative effect. The women had difficulty accessing necessary inputs for rice production, especially land. The drivers of gender gap in rice productivity in the study area were access to land, input and labour. The study concluded that gender has a significant negative influence (against female farmers) on the output of rice in the area and rice production in the area was dominated by the male gender who had more access to major farm inputs than the female. The study recommended that for a gender responsive Agriculture, Government should review land ownership, and communities should give women access to communal land. Also, the rights of male and female farmers to trainings, education, financial support, farm inputs and labour should be critically addressed by the ministry of Agriculture and other stake holders.


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How to cite this paper

Gender Differences in Agricultural Productivity among Rice Farmers in Anambra State, Nigeria: Drivers and Strategies for A Gender Responsive Agriculture

How to cite this paper:  Onyinyechukwu H. Onubogu. (2023) Gender Differences in Agricultural Productivity among Rice Farmers in Anambra State, Nigeria: Drivers and Strategies for A Gender Responsive AgricultureInternational Journal of Food Science and Agriculture7(1), 21-28.

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.26855/ijfsa.2023.03.004

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