Journal of Humanities, Arts and Social Science

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Article http://dx.doi.org/10.26855/jhass.2023.02.012

Structural Exploitation of Migrant Labourers in Gulf countries: A Case Study of Migrants from Eastern Uttar Pradesh

Mohammad Niyaz Ahmad

School of Management and Labour Studies, Tata Institute of Social Sciences, Mumbai, India.

*Corresponding author: Mohammad Niyaz Ahmad

Published: March 15,2023

Abstract

Migrant workers provide exceptional services and support in this globalized world. They deliver a medley of menial and low skilled services in the private and public sectors. According to the ministry of external affairs 2020, 13.6 million Indians were staying abroad, and 8.5 million reside only in Gulf countries. Every year, many people migrate to pursue better opportunities; travel for holidays, a tour, business, education, pilgrims visit, etc. However, many migrants also go abroad in search of better pay employment. They go hoping with a psychological predetermined notion that after securing a livelihood in host lands, they would be able to support their families left behind at source and could invest their savings after returning to their homeland. Typically, in the informal service sector, it has been found that labourers get exploited in terms of denial of health care facilities, absence of human rights and infrastructural facilities and also face physical violence while staying abroad by their employers. This article elaborated on structural exploitation and violence faced by informal sector migrants in Gulf countries and endeavours that labourers get exploited abroad. Their hope of a foreign land as an idealized place for earning a better livelihood gets devasted when they are in the real world. Finally, this article finds that there is an existence of structural psycho-economic exploitation against migrants by employers (Kafeel).

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How to cite this paper

Structural Exploitation of Migrant Labourers in Gulf countries: A Case Study of Migrants from Eastern Uttar Pradesh

How to cite this paper: Mohammad Niyaz Ahmad. (2023) Structural Exploitation of Migrant Labourers in Gulf countries: A Case Study of Migrants from Eastern Uttar PradeshJournal of Humanities, Arts and Social Science7(2), 309-316.

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.26855/jhass.2023.02.012