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Rhetorical Appeals Used in Shakespearean Soliloquies of Hamlet, Macbeth, and Othello

Date: March 20,2023 |Hits: 388 Download PDF How to cite this paper

Faiza Altaf1, Muhammad Arfan Lodhi2,*

1Govt. Sadiq College Women University, Bahawalpur, Pakistan.

2Higher Education Department (Collegiate Wing), Punjab, Pakistan.

*Corresponding author: Muhammad Arfan Lodh


In this article, the authors have focused on the rhetorical/ persuasive devices specifically introduced by Aristotle. The rhetorical devices framework has been used on the selected works of Shakespearean tragedies. Shakespeare is well-known for using rhetorical appeals in his plays. He has used these devices to enhance the verbal expression. He convinced the readers silently to imagine the setting of the play in which characters are fixed. He has used these devices that appeal to emotions, values and ideals. This paper specifically analyzes the soliloquies used in the Shakespearean tragedies Hamlet, Othello, and Macbeth. The exploratory research is used by the researcher to highlight the impact of the language used to provoke the emotions of the reader. The selected lines of different soliloquies of the afore-stated tragedies were taken as sample for the analysis purposes. The findings revealed that all rhetoric devices i.e. ethos, pathos, kairos, logos and telos had been used by the playwright with more or less frequency. The findings further highlighted that use of rhetorical devices cast significant impact upon the reader’s mind, emotions and sense of feelings when they read the text of Shakespearean plays.


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How to cite this paper

Rhetorical Appeals Used in Shakespearean Soliloquies of Hamlet, Macbeth, and Othello

How to cite this paper: Faiza Altaf, Muhammad Arfan Lodhi. (2023). Rhetorical Appeals Used in Shakespearean Soliloquies of Hamlet, Macbeth, and OthelloThe Educational Review, USA7(2), 161-171.

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.26855/er.2023.02.006

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