Hill Publishing Group | contact@hillpublisher.com

Hill Publishing Group

Location:Home / Journals / The Educational Review, USA /


White-Collar Activism in the Digital Age: The Case of “Plaza Action Platform” on Twitter

Date: November 3,2018 |Hits: 1414 Download PDF How to cite this paper

Ayşe Fulya Şen

Department of Journalism, Firat University, Elazig, 23119, Turkey.

*Corresponding author: Ayşe Fulya Şen, Assoc. Prof. Dr., Email: fulyasen@firat.edu.tr


“Plaza Action Platform” is a solidarity network providing content related to business law, sharing experience, and work-based issues. In this study, I will discuss the role of digital media practices within the labour movements and analyse the potential of the website of “Plaza Action Platform (PEP)” in creating a democratic platform for class-based issues. I will also investigate how the “Plaza Action Platform” aiming at being the voice of white-collar employees and unemployed mobilises the followers and activists to participate in online and offline activism. Also, I will assess the activism performance of PEP by content analysis over the categories such as creating a coun-ter-public sphere and activist resistance. Thus, I will investigate the mobilisation ca-pacity of PEP and analyse how it utilise the Twitter to organise actions, share infor-mation, and coordinate at a distance. Finally, I will also discuss to what extent the ac-tivists and the relevant public use social media platforms as means for mobilisation and how this kind of solidarity platform creates an alternative public sphere among the online audience, and how it encourages activists to participate offline.


 Anduiza,  E.,  Cantijoch,  M.  &  Gallego,  A.  (2009).  Political  Participation  and  the  Internet:  A  Field  Essay. Information,  Communication  & Society, 12(6), 860-878.

Aronowitz, S. (1992). The Politics of Identity: Class, Culture, Social Movements, New York: Routledge.

Bennett, W.L. (2003). New Media Power: The Internet and Global Activism, Contesting Media Power, In Nick Couldry and James Curran (Eds.), Lanham: Rowman and Littlefield.

Bohman, J. (2010). Expanding Dialogue: the Internet, the Public Sphere, and Prospects for Transnational Democracy (2004). In J. Gripsrud, H. Moe, A. Molander & G. Murdock (Eds.). The Idea of the Public Sphere: A Reader (pp.247-269). Maryland: Lexington Books.

Bouvier, G. (2015) What Is a Discourse Approach to Twitter, Facebook, YouTube and Other Social Media: Connecting with Other Academ-ic Fields?Journal of Multicultural Discourses, 10:2, 149-162, DOI: 10.1080/17447143.2015.1042381

Croteau, D. & Hoynes, W. (2014). Media/Society: Industries, Images, and Audiences, Thousand Oaks, California: Sage.

Dahlgren, P. (2014). Social Media and Political Participation: Discourse and Deflection. In C. Fuchs and M. Sandoval (Eds.), Critique, So-cial Media and the Information Society (pp. 191-202). New York, NY: Routledge.

Dencik, L. and Wilkin, P. (2015).Worker Resistanceand Media: Challenging Global Corporate Power in the 21st Century, New York: Peter Lang.

Feenberg,  A.  (2014).  Great  Refusal  or  Long  March:  How  to  Think about the  Internet.  In  C.  Fuchs  & M.  Sandoval (Eds.), Critique,  Social Media and the Information Society (pp. 109-124). New York: Routledge.

Fuentes, M. A. (2014). Digital Activism. In Encyclopedia Britannica, https://www.britannica.com/topic/digital-activism, Access Date: Octo-ber 24, 2018.

Güner S.E. (June, 2016), “The Impact of Social Media on Political Change: Gezi Protests in Turkey”, Vol. V, Issue 6, pp.88-99, Centre for Policy and Research on Turkey (ResearchTurkey), London, Research Turkey.(http://researchturkey.org/?p=12181).

İnal,  K.,&Akkaymak,   G.   (Edited   by).   2012. Neoliberal   Transformation   of   Education   in   Turkey.[Online]   Available   at: http://www.palgraveconnect.com/pc/doifinder/10.1057/9781137097811, (Accessed date: July 7 2016).

Jeffrey, S.J. (2008).Networking Futures: The Movements against Corporate Globalization, Durham: Duke University Press.

Kavada,  A.  (2005).  Civil Society Organisations  and  the Internet:  The Case  of  Amnesty  International,  Oxfam  and  the  World  Development Movement. In W. de Jong, M. Shaw and N. Stammers (Eds.), Global Activism, Global Media (pp. 208-222). London: Pluto Press.

Lynch, M. (2011). After Egypt: The Limits and Promise of Online Challenges to the Authoritarian Arab State. Perspectives on Politics, 9 (2), 301-310.

Lindgren, S. (2017).    Digital Media & Society, London: Sage.

Ludes, P., Nöth, W.,&Fahlenbrach, K. (2014). Introduction: Critical Visual Theory, tripleC 12 (1): 202-213, http://www.triple-c.atMc

Caughey, M.,&Ayers, M.D. (Eds.) (2003). Cyberactivism: Online Activism in Theory and Practice, New York: Routledge.

Moore, S. (2011). New Trade Union Activism: Class Consciousness or Social Identity?Hampshire: Palgrave Macmillan.

Norris,   P.   (2007).   Political   Activism:   New   Challenges,   New   Opportunities. The   Oxford   Handbook   of   Comparative   Politics, https://www.hks.harvard.edu/fs/pnorris/Acrobat/Boix&stokes-chap26.pdf, Accessed Date: November 12, 2016.

Önder, N. (2016). The Economic Transformation of Turkey: Neoliberalism and State Intervention, London and New York: I.B.Tauris.

Pérez-Ahumada, P. (2015). The End of a Traditional Class Distinction in Neoliberal Society: ‘White-collar’ and ‘Blue-collar’ Work and its Impact on Chilean Workers’ Class Consciousness, Critical Sociology, doi: 10.1177/0896920515585609

Plaza,E.P.(2018). “PEP Kimdir?” [Who is PEP?],https://plazaeylem.org/pep-hakkinda/, Access Date: 10 August 2018.

Tatarchevskiy,T.  (2011).  The  ‘Popular’ Culture    of    Internet Activism. New    Media    &    Society,    13(2),    297-313,    doi: 10.1177/1461444810372785

Van,L. J.,&Van,A.P. (2010). InternetandSocial MovementActionRepertoires: Opportunities and Limitations, Information, Communica-tion & Society,13(8), 1146-1171.

Vegh,  S.  (2003).  Classifying  Forms  of  Online  Activism:  The  Case  of  Cyberprotests  against  the  World  Bank,  In  Martha  McCaughey & Michael D. Ayers (eds.), Cyberactivism: Online Activism in Theory and Practice, New York: Routledge.

Wessel, B. (2014). ExploringSocial Change: Process and Context. London: Palgrave.Yesil, B. (n.d.).Social Media Use and Political Activism in Turkey: 140journos, the Post of Others, and Vote and Beyond. Civic Media Pro-ject. Retrieved Date: 19 August 2017. http://civicmediaproject.org/works/civic-media-project/uptakecitizenjournalism

Zadeh,  I.H.  (2016). US  Presidential  Election:  Widespread  Popular  Discontent  with  Neoliberalism,  Global  Research,  April  30,  2016, http://www.globalresearch.ca/us-presidential-election-widespread-popular-discontent-with-neoliberalism/5522509,Accessed Date:  Septem-ber 27, 2016.

How to cite this paper

White-Collar Activism in the Digital Age: The Case of “Plaza Action Platform” on Twitter

How to cite this paper: Şen, A. F. (2018). White-Collar Activism in the Digital Age: The Case of “Plaza Action Platform” on Twitter. The Educational Review, USA, 2(10), 499-504.

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.26855/er.2018.10.001

Free HPG Newsletters

Add your e-mail address to receive free newsletters from Hill Publishing Group.

Contact us

Hill Publishing Group

8825 53rd Ave

Elmhurst, NY 11373, USA

E-mail: contact@hillpublisher.com

Copyright © 2019 Hill Publishing Group Inc. All Rights Reserved.