Journal of Applied Mathematics and Computation

ISSN Print: 2576-0645 Downloads: 83733 Total View: 1323279
Frequency: quarterly ISSN Online: 2576-0653 CODEN: JAMCEZ

Objects of Civilization of the Second and Third Types

Evgeni Nikolaevich Terentiev1,*, Fedor Vasilievich Shugaev1,  Nikolay Evgenievich Shilin-Terentyev2

1Department Mathematical Modelling and Informatics, Faculty of Physics, M.V. Lomonosov Moscow State University, Moscow, Russia.

2EPAM Systems, Moscow, Russia.

*Corresponding author: Evgeni Nikolaevich Terentiev

Published: May 6,2023


The authors personally knew N.S. Kardashev, communicated with him at the meetingon the problems of the Radioastron orbital telescope in April 2007. It turned out that by applying the Mathematical Microscope (MM) to the analysis of astronomical objects, we encountered objects that are now difficult to explain. We assume that these are objects of Civilizations of the Second and Third type according to Kardashev (1964). The work demonstrates objects, which we called Dyson Eggs and Dyson Cells. We don't want to fantasize about isolated objects like "suitcases with handles" in Third Type Civilizations that are hundreds of light years across. Apparently, the time has come for high-precision measurements of data from telescopes with analysis on MM and with a discussion of the results by specialists.


[1] Tikhonov, A.N., Ufimtsev, M.V. (1988). Statistical processing of experimental results, ed. Moscow University Press, (in Russian).


[3] Terentiev, E.N., Terentyev, N.E. (2015). Izvestia RAN, PHYSICAL SERIES, volume 79, № 12, pp. 1633-1637 (in Russian).

[4] Terentiev, E.N. and Terentiev, N. E. (2015). ISSN 1062-8738, Bulletin of the Russian Academy of Science. Physics, Vol.79, No 12, pp.1427-1431, DOI 10.3103/S1062873815120229.

[5] Terentiev, E.N., Terentyev, N.E., Pirogov, Yu.A, Farshakova, I.I. (2017). Scientific Notes of the Physical Faculty, 9 p., №6, 1761005 (in Russian).

[6] Terentiev, E.N., Terentiev, N.E., Farshakova, I.I. (2019). DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-77788-7_19.

[7] Terentiev, E.N., Shilin-Terentyev, N.E. (2018).

[8] Terentiev, E.N., Farshakova, I.I., Prikhodko, I.N., Shilin-Terentyev, N.E. (2019). doi: 10.11648 /j.sjams.20190705.12, ISSN: 2376-9491 (Print); ISSN: 2376-9513 (Online).

[9] Terentiev, E.N., Farshakova, I.I., Shilin-Terentyev, N.E. (2019). http:// /journal/ paperin-fo?journalid=301&doi=10.11648/j.ajaa.20190703.11.

[10] Terentiev, E.N., Prikhodko, I.N., and Farshakova, I.I. (2019). Concept of mathematical microscope, AIP Conference Proceedings 2171, 110010;

[11] The Event Horizon Telescope Collaboration, First M87 Event Horizon Telescope Results. I. The Shadow of the Supermassive Black Hole, The Astrophysical Journal Letters, 875:L1 (17pp), 2019 April 10, 

[12] Bouman, Katherine L.; Johnson, Michael D.; Zoran, Daniel; Fish, Vincent L.; Doeleman, Sheperd S.; Freeman, William T. (2016). "Computational Imaging for VLBI Image Reconstruction": 913–922. arXiv:1512.01413, , doi:10.1109/CVPR.2016.105,,  hdl:1721.1/103077. Cite journal requires |journal= (help).

[13] Terentiev, E.N., Shugaev, F.V., Shilin-Terentyev, N.E. (2022). Identification by the Mathematical Microscope of Objects of Civilizations of the Second and Third Types, Eight International Scientific Conference-School for Young Scientists Physical and Mathematical Modeling of Processes in Geomedia, Moscow, IPMECH RAS, October 12-14, 2022, Proceedings, pp. 20-22.

[14] Terentiev, E.N.,

How to cite this paper

Objects of Civilization of the Second and Third Types

How to cite this paper:  Evgeni Nikolaevich Terentiev, Fedor Vasilievich Shugaev,  Nikolay Evgenievich Shilin-Terentyev. (2023) Objects of Civilization of the Second and Third Types. Journal of Applied Mathematics and Computation7(1), 128-136.