International Journal of Food Science and Agriculture

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Article http://dx.doi.org/10.26855/ijfsa.2020.09.002

Bioaccumulation, Depuration of Heavy Metals (As, Cd, Pb) and Metabolism of These Metals in Body of Mussels (Maretrix Lyrata) During 20 Days in Artificial Media of Culture

Pham Kim Phuong 1,2,*, Nguyễn thị Dung 3, Chu Pham Ngoc Son 4, Lưu Duẩn 1

1 Saigon Technique University—STU of Ho Chi Minh City, Viet Nam.

2 Sai Gon Center of High-Tech Analysis, Viet Nam.

3 Institute of Chemical Technology, Ho Chi Minh City, Viet Nam.

4 Science-Technique Association of Ho Chi Minh City, Viet Nam.

*Corresponding author: Pham Kim Phuong

Published: July 24,2020

Abstract

The purpose of this work is to try to estimate for the first five days the extent of As, Pb, Cd bioaccumulation by Meretrix Lyrata mussels in artificial media of culture contaminated by heavy metals (As at 1.5 and 2.5 ppm, Pb at 1.5 and 2.5 ppm, Cd at 0.1, 0.5, 1 ppm) and that of release in clean water during the follow-ing 15 days. Quantitation was performed by ICP and AAS with Hydride System. Bioaccumulation increased with heavy metal concentrations in water and in the oder Pb > Cd > As. Release was also observed to increase with the amounts of absorbed metals. After 20 days of experiments, following figures of metal release were obtained (As~100%, Pb~68.9%, and Cd~39.65%). In the case of Cd contamination, no mussel survived after 10 days of experiments even at low Cd concentration of 0.1ppm. Residue of heavy metals in the body of mussels was metabolited to another chemical form. Inogranic Cd was metabolited to Cd-metallothionein and detected by LC/MS ESI(+). As was metabolited to mo-nomethyl arsonic acid (MMA), dimethylarsinic acid (DMA) and detected by HPLC-UV-AAS-HG, and Pb was metabolited to photsphat hydroxyt lead [Pb5(OH)(PO4)3]—which was detected by XRD.

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How to cite this paper

Bioaccumulation, Depuration of Heavy Metals (As, Cd, Pb) and Metabolism of These Metals in Body of Mussels (Maretrix Lyrata) During 20 Days in Artificial Media of Culture

How to cite this paper: Pham Kim Phuong, Nguyễn thị Dung, Chu Pham Ngoc Son, Lưu Duẩn. (2020) Bioaccumulation, Depuration of Heavy Metals (As, Cd, Pb) and Metabolism of These Metals in Body of Mussels (Maretrix Lyrata) During 20 Days in Artificial Media of Culture. International Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture, 4(3), 237-243.

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.26855/ijfsa.2020.09.002