Hill Publishing Group | contact@hillpublisher.com

Hill Publishing Group

Location:Home / Journals / International Journal of Food Science and Agriculture /


Effects of Externally Applied IBA Doses on Rooting and Sapling Characteristics of Autumn Olive Berry Cuttings Taken at Different Periods

Date: January 25,2021 |Hits: 1041 Download PDF How to cite this paper

Hüseyin Çelik1,*, Damla Çil2

1Ondokuz Mayis University, Faculty of Agriculture, Department of Horticulture, Samsun, Turkey.

2Hazelnut Research Institute, Giresun, Turkey.

*Corresponding author: Hüseyin Çelik


Autumn olive berry is used as functional food due to the very high content of lycopene. It is a deciduous, perennial, temperate and/or subtropical berry fruits and has a woody bush. Autumn olive leaves, flowers, berries and bushes can be used for many purposes. It grows well at sunny areas and tolerates dry conditions with salty, clay, sandy and different pH soils. Autumn olive berry can be diverse with its seed eaten by birds. Cultivated autumn olive berry types generally propagate by cuttings. In the present study, hardwood, leafy green wood and semi hardwood cuttings taken from mother plants of autumn olive berry at March 15, May 15 and July 15. All type of cuttings applied with 0 ppm (control), 500 ppm, 1,000 ppm and 2,000 ppm Indole-3-butryic acid (IBA) doses. Cuttings were planted in benches with perlite under misting at greenhouse conditions for rooting. The effect of cutting time and IBA application on the rooting rate (%), root number, rooting degree (1-9), diameter and length of the saplings (cm) and salable sapling rate (%) were determined. Pearson correlation among the features studied was also calculated. Cuttings taken at May with 1,000 or 2,000 ppm IBA and June with 500 ppm gave the highest rooting rate (97.33%). Root length is the best (11.90 cm) at May cuttings with 500 ppm IBA. May cuttings with 1,000 ppm IBA gave the best salable sapling rate (89.33%). The best cutting time was 15 May and the best IBA dose is the 1,000 ppm for most characteristics, investigated.


[1] Ahmad, S. D., Sabır, M. S., Juma, M., and Asad, H. S. (2005). Morphological and biochemical variations in Elaeagnus umbel-lata Thunb. From mountains of Pakistan. Acta Botanica Croatia, 64, 121-128.  

[2] Ahmad, S. D., Sabır, M. S., and Zubair, M. (2006). Ecotype diversity in autumn olive (Elaeagnus umbellata Thunb.): A single plant with multiple macronutrient genes. Chemistry and Ecology, 22, 509-521. 

[3] Çelik, H., Ateş, S., and Çelik, D. (2014). Güzyemişi, yeni alternatif meyve. Hasad, Aylık Bitkisel Üretim Dergisi, 30, 56-60.  

[4] Black, B. L., Fordham, I. M., Perkins-Veazie, P. (2005). Autumn berry (Elaeagnus umbellata): a potential cash crop. Journal of the American Pomological Society, 59, 125-134.

[5] Allan, P. F. and Steiner, W. W. (1972). Autumn olive for wildlife and other conservation uses. Leaflet No. 458. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Agriculture. Pp. 1-8.

[6] Tiffney, W., Eveleigh, D., Barrera, J., and Mitchell, S. (1979). Evaluation of some nitrogen-fixing plants for coastal zone man-agement applications. Symbiotic nitrogen fixation in the management of temperate forests. Oregon State University, USA.

[7] Smith, C. L. (1998). Exotic Plant Guidelines. North Caroline State Univ., NC Division of Parks and Recreation, USA.  

[8] Reich, L. (2005). Uncommon Fruits for Every Garden. Timber Press, USA. 

[9] Clark, J. and Hemery, G. (2006). The use of autumn olive (Elaeagnus umbellata Thunb.) in British forestry. Quarterly Journal of Forestry, 100, 285-288. 

[10] Anonymous. (2012). Invasive Species, best control practices, autumn olive. Michigan Natural Features Inventory 2, p. 7. 

[11] Çelik, H., Karabulut, B., Söyler, B., Çelik, D., Demirel, G., and Işık, Y. (2012). Güzyemişi (Eleagnus Umbellata Thunb.)’nin bazı pomolojik özellikleri ile tohumlarının çimlenmesi üzerine dışsal giberellin uygulaması ve soğukta katlamanın etkileri. IV. Ulusal Üzümsü Meyveler Sempozyumu, Antalya, Türkiye, 3-5 Ekim 2012, 314-323. 

[12] Soley, N. (2013). Reproductive biology of the invasive plant Elaeagnus umbellata: breeding system, pollinators and implications for invasive spread. MSc Dissertation, Southern Illinois Univ., USA. 

[13] Funk, D. T., Schlesinger, R. C., and Ponder, F. (1979). Autumn olive as a nurse plant for black walnut. Botanical Gazette, 140, 110-114. 

[14] Stark, C. (2000). Control of Elaeagnus umbellata—(Autumn olive). Restoration and Reclamation Review, 6, 1-6. 

[15] Fordham, I. M., Zimmerman, Z. H., Black, B. L., Clevidence, B. M., and Wiley, E. R. (2003). Autumn olive: A potential alter-native crop. Acta Horticulturae, 626, 437-439. http://dx.doi.org/10.21273/HORTSCI.36.6.1136.

[16] Çelik, H. (2012). Yüksek boylu maviyemiş çeşitlerinde köklenme üzerine çelik tipi, çelik alma zamanı ve köklenme ortamının etkisi. IV. Ulusal Üzümsü Meyveler Sempozyumu, Antalya, Türkiye, 3-5 Ekim 2012, 324-335. 

[17] Hartmann, H. T., Kester, D. E., and Davies, F. T. (1990). Plant Propagation Principles and Practices, 5th Ed. Englewood Cliffs New Jersey, USA. 

[18] Çelik, H. (2006). Kuzey orijinli yüksek çalı maviyemiş yumuşak odun çeliklerinde köklenme üzerine alttan ısıtma sıcaklığının etkisi. II. Ulusal Üzümsü Meyveler Sempozyumu, Tokat, Türkiye, 14-16 Eylül 2016, 129-135.

[19] Çelik, H., İslam, A., and Kalkışım, Ö. (2015). Effect of cutting time and IBA application on rooting of edible cherry laurel (Prunus laurocerasus cv. ‘Kiraz’) cuttings. Anadolu Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 30, 215-220. http://dx.doi.org/10.7161/anajas.2015.30.3.215-220.

[20] Baktır, I. (2015). Hormonlar, Bitki Gelişim Düzenleyicileri Özellikleri ve Tarımda Kullanımları. Hasad Yay. Turkey. 

[21] Porghorban, M., Moghadam, E. G., and Asgharzadeh, A. (2014). Effect of media and indole butyric acid (IBA) concentrations on rooting of Russian olive (Elaeagnus angustifolia L) semi-hardwood cuttings. Indian Journal of Fundamental and Applied Life Sciences, 4, 517-523. 

[22] Bayraktar, A., Yıldırım, N., Atar, F., and Turna, İ. (2018). Effects of some auxins on propagation by hardwood cutting of Au-tumn Olive (Elaeagnus umbellataThunb.). Turkish Journal of Forestry Research, 5, 112-116. http://dx.doi.org/10.17568/ogmoad.401438.

[23] Bounous, G., Bullano, F., and Peano, C. (1992). Propagation of softwood cuttings of Amelanchiercanadensis Medic., Cornus mas L., Elaeagnus umbellata Thunb. and Hippophea rhamnoides L. Turin Univ. Istituto di Coltivazioni Arboree. Monti-e-Boschi, 43, 51-57.

[24] Beyl, C. A., Burger, D. W., and Cheng, Z. M. (2015). Plant Growth Substances Used in Propagation. Plant Propagation Con-cepts and Laboratory Exercises. CRC Press, USA.

[25] Osburn, L. D., Chenng, Z. M., and Trigiano, R. N. (2015). Adventitious Rooting of Woody and Hebaceous Plants. Plant Prop-agation Concepts and Laboratory Exercises. CRC Press, USA.

[26] Ruter, J. M. (2015). Cloning Plants by Stem Cuttings. Plant Propagation Concepts and Laboratory Exercises. CRC Press, USA.

[27] Preet, P. and Vishal, S. R. (2014). Studies on the effect of some pre-conditioning treatments, IBA and collection time on the success of semi-hardwood cuttings on kiwifruit. Indian Journal of Horticulture, 71, 273-276.  

[28] Zenginbal, H. and Özcan, M. (2013). Hayward ve Matua kivi çeşitlerinin odun çelikleriyle çoğaltılmasında farklı uygulamaların etkileri. Anadolu Tarım Bilimleri Dergisi, 28, 115-125. http://dx.doi.org/10.7161/anajas.2013.28.3.115.

[29] Zenginbal, H. and Özcan, M. (2014). Kivide çelik alma zamanı çelikteki göz sayısı ve IBA uygulamalarının çeliklerin köklenmesi üzerine etkileri. Anadolu Tarım Bilimleri Dergisi, 29, 1-11. http://dx.doi.org/10.7161/anajas.2014.29.1.1.

[30] Kim, M. S., Kim, H., and Kim, S. H. (2015). Effect of cutting time and growth regulators in root cutting of Robinia pseudoacacia L. major honey plants. Journal of Apiculture, 30, 331-336. 

[31] Şeker, M., Akçal, A., Sakaldaş, M., and Gündoğdu, M. A. (2010). Farklı çelik alma dönemleri ile oksin dozlarının kocayemişin (Arbutus unedo L.) köklenme oranı üzerine etkilerinin belirlenmesi. Uludağ Universitesi Ziraat Fakültesi Dergisi, 24, 99-108.  

[32] Pivetta, L., Fernandes, K., Renet, D. P., and Silvio, F. (2012). Harvesting time and indolebutryic acid on the rooting of Nerium oleander L. Cuttings. Rivista Arvore, 36, 17-23. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0100-67622012000100003.

[33] Graca, M. E. C. (1983). Influence of light intensity on growth, nodulation and nitrogen fixation of selected woody actinorhizal species. PhD Dissertation, Purdue Univ. USA.

How to cite this paper

Effects of Externally Applied IBA Doses on Rooting and Sapling Characteristics of Autumn Olive Berry Cuttings Taken at Different Periods

How to cite this paper: Hüseyin Çelik, Damla Çil. (2021) Effects of Externally Applied IBA Doses on Rooting and Sapling Characteristics of Autumn Olive Berry Cuttings Taken at Different PeriodsInternational Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture5(1), 33-40.

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.26855/ijfsa.2021.03.006

Volumes & Issues

Free HPG Newsletters

Add your e-mail address to receive free newsletters from Hill Publishing Group.

Contact us

Hill Publishing Group

8825 53rd Ave

Elmhurst, NY 11373, USA

E-mail: contact@hillpublisher.com

Copyright © 2019 Hill Publishing Group Inc. All Rights Reserved.