International Journal of Food Science and Agriculture

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Vermicomposting Methods from Different Wastes: An Environment Friendly, Economically Viable and Socially Acceptable Approach for Crop Nutrition: A Review

Ali Ahmad1,*, Zubair Aslam1, Korkmaz Bellitürk2, Naeem Iqbal3, Shoaib Naeem1, Muhammad Idrees3, Zohaib Kaleem4, Muhammad Yasir Nawaz5, Muhammad Nawaz6, Muhammad Sajjad1, Wajeeh Ur Rehman1, Hafiz Naveed Ramzan7, Muhammad Waqas1, Yousuf Akram1, Muhammad Asif Jamal1, Muhammad Usman Ibrahim1, Hafiz Amir Tauqeer Baig1, Ahmad Kamal1

1Department of Agronomy, University of Agriculture Faisalabad, 38000, Pakistan.

2Department of Soil Science and Plant Nutrition, Faculty of Agriculture, Tekirdag Namık Kemal University, Suleymanpasa Tekirdag, Turkey.

3Plant Physiology Section, Agronomic Research Institute, AARI, Faisalabad, Pakistan.

4Department of Botany, University of Agriculture Faisalabad, 38000, Pakistan.

5Department of Pathology, Faculty of Veterinary Science, University of Agriculture Faisalabad, 38000, Pakistan.

6Vegetable and Oil Seed Section, Agronomic Research Institute, AARI, Faisalabad, Pakistan.

7Fiber Crops Section, AARI, Faisalabad, Pakistan.

*Corresponding author: Ali Ahmad

Published: February 4,2021


The waste management and crop residues are serious problems in the world. Major crops like rice, wheat, sugarcane residues burning causes environmental pollution like smog. The best technique to manage all kind of waste is vermicomposting that is environment friendly, economically viable and socially acceptable approach which convert garbage in to black gold that is called vermi-fertilizer. Compositing process is mainly involved for increased transformation of organic decay within stable organic compound via the interaction of beneficial microorganisms under regulate increased temperature 45°C-60°C that permits sanitation of organic decay by eradication harmful microbes. In preparation of vermicompost, organic waste products are being oxidized via the mutual activity of useful microbes and earthworm. Vermi-fertilizer is rich source of all macro and micro nutrients, i.e., Nitrogen (N), Phosphorous (P), Potassium (K), Iron (Fe), Zinc (Zn), Copper (Cu), manganese (Mg), growth promoters and regulators hormones like Auxin, gibberellin, enzymes i.e., protease, lipase, chitinase, beneficial bacterias i.e., Bacillus subtilis. Almost 3,000 species of earthworms are identified for vermicomposting, in which Eisenia fetida, Eisenia Andrei, Eudrilus eugeniae and Perionyn excavates are most suitable for vermicompost preparation.


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How to cite this paper

Vermicomposting Methods from Different Wastes: An Environment Friendly, Economically Viable and Socially Acceptable Approach for Crop Nutrition: A Review

How to cite this paper: Ali Ahmad, Zubair Aslam, Korkmaz Bellitürk, Naeem Iqbal, Shoaib Naeem, Muhammad Idrees, Zohaib Kaleem, Muhammad Yasir Nawaz, Muhammad Nawaz, Muhammad Sajjad, Wajeeh Ur Rehman, Hafiz Naveed Ramzan, Muhammad Waqas, Yousuf Akram, Muhammad Asif Jamal, Muhammad Usman Ibrahim, Hafiz Amir Tauqeer Baig, Ahmad Kamal. (2021) Vermicomposting Methods from Different Wastes: An Environment Friendly, Economically Viable and Socially Acceptable Approach for Crop Nutrition: A Review. International Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture5(1), 58-68.