Hill Publishing Group | contact@hillpublisher.com

Hill Publishing Group

Location:Home / Journals / The Educational Review, USA /


Students Perception in Technology Integration and its Alignment within the ISTE Standards

Date: December 15,2021 |Hits: 1316 Download PDF How to cite this paper

R. Sudha Nair

Centre of Liberal Arts and Languages, INTI International University, Nilai, Negeri Sembilan, Malaysia.

*Corresponding author: R. Sudha Nair


This is an article on students’ perception of the integration of technology in a college during the Spring of 2019. The SAMR Model was used as the framework which categorizes four different degrees of classroom technology integration. The study identified that there were positive results in students’ performance based on the experiment which was conducted between two groups of control and experimental. There were 60 college students who participated and 30 went through interventions while the rest 30 students were controlled group. A questionnaire was distributed to the experimental group to gather information on their perception of the effectiveness of the integration. The survey identified that the perception of students on the impact of technology was positive based on eight factors such as enjoyment, building confidence, enhancing skills, active involvement of students to name a few. These factors were also discussed based on the Social Cognitive Theory of behavioral, cognitive, and environmental factors. The study also was found aligned with the 7 ISTE Standards for Students (2016).


Ahern, L., Feller, J., and Nagle, T. (2016). Social media as a support for learning in universities: an empirical study of Facebook Groups. Journal of Decision systems, 25(sup1), 35-49. https://doi.org/10.1080/12460125.2016.1187421.

Ajjan, H. and Hartshorne, R. (2008). Investigating faculty decisions to adopt Web 2.0 technologies: Theory and empirical tests. The internet and higher education, 11(2), 71-80.

Aloraini, S. (2012). The impact of using multimedia on students’ academic achievement in the College of Education at King Saud University. Journal of King Saud University-Languages and Translation, 24(2), 75-82. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jksult.2012.05.002.

Bandura, A. (1986). Social foundations of thought and action. Englewood Cliffs, NJ, 1986.

Carter, S. P., Greenberg, K., and Walker, M. S. (2017). The impact of computer usage on academic performance: Evidence from a randomized trial at the United States Military Academy. Economics of Education Review, 56, 118-132. DOI: 10.1016/j.econedurev.2016.12.005

Cuban, L. (2001). Oversold and Undersold: Computers in the Classroom. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.

Genlott, A. A., Grönlund, Å., and Viberg, O. (2019). Disseminating digital innovation in school-leading second-order educational change. Education and Information Technologies, 24(5), 3021-3039. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s10639-019-09908-0.

Ghavifekr, S. and Rosdy, W. A. W. (2015). Teaching and learning with technology: Effectiveness of ICT integration in schools. International Journal of Research in Education and Science, 1(2), 175-191. DOI:10.21890/IJRES.23596.

Ghavifekr, S., Afshari, M., and Amla Salleh. (2012). Management strategies for E-Learning system as the core component of systemic change: A qualitative analysis. Life Science Journal, 9(3), 2190-2196.

Gichaba, S. M. (2013). Perceived Influence of Trade Unions on Terms and Conditions of Service and Job Security of Employees at Kisii University-Kenya. Corpus ID: 168131613.

Haseeb, A. S. M. A. (2018). Higher education in the era of IR 4.0. New Straits Times.

Hogan, L. (2010). The Maine Learning Technology Initiative: Professional development at the state, local school district, and classroom levels, available at www.pearsonassessments.com/hai/images/NES_Publications/2010_09Hogan.pdf.

Hollebrands, K. (2020). How can Teachers Use Technology in the Classroom: Ask the Expert Series. https://ced.ncsu/news.

ISTE. (2016). ISTE Standards for Students. Retrieved from iste.org.

Izhar, N. A., Al-Dheleai, Y. M., & Ishak, N. A. (2021). Education Continuation Strategies during COVID-19 in Malaysia. http://dx.doi.org/10.6007/IJARBSS/v11-i4/9840.

Jamieson-Proctor, R., Albion, P., Finger, G., Cavanagh, R., Fitzgerald, R., Bond, T., and Grimbeek, P. (2013). Development of the TTF TPACK Survey Instrument. Australian Educational Computing, 27(3), 26-35. https://search.informit.org/doi/abs/10.3316/ aeipt.196900.

Khan, M. L., Wohn, D. Y., and Ellison, N. B. (2014). Actual friends’ matter: An internet skills perspective on teens’ informal academic collaboration on Facebook. Computers & Education, 79, 138-147. https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/ abs/pii/S0360131514001730.

Kirschner, P. A. and Karpinski, A. C. (2010). Facebook® and academic performance. Computers in human behavior, 26(6), 1237-1245. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chb.2010.03.024.

Lambić, D. (2016). Correlation between Facebook use for educational purposes and academic performance of students. Computers in Human Behaviour, 61, 313-320. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chb.2016.03.052.

Madge, C., Meek, J., Wellens, J., and Hooley, T. (2009). Facebook, social integration and informal learning at university: ‘It is more for socialising and talking to friends about work than for actually doing work’. Learning, Media and Technology, 34(2), 141-155. https://doi.org/10.1080/17439880902923606.

Malaysia Education Blueprint 2013-2025. (2012). Preliminary report: Executive summary. Retrieved from http://www4.unescobkk.org/nespap/sites/default/files/Preliminary-Blueprint-ExecSummary-Eng_0.pdf.

Means, B. and Olsen, K. (1997). Technology and Education Reform Washington, D.C.: U.S. Dept. of Education, Office of Educational Research and Improvement, Office of Reform Assistance and Dissemination.

Milon, S. R. H. and Iqbal, M. H. (2017). Students’ Perception towards Technology in Learning English as a Foreign Language: A Case Study of Higher Secondary Students of Pabna, Bangladesh. IOSR Journal of Humanities and Social Science, 22(6), pp. 47-53. DOI: 10.9790/0837-2206104753.

Neo, M. and Neo, T. K. (2010). Students’ Perceptions in Developing a Multimedia Project within a Constructivist Learning Environment: A Malaysian Experience. Turkish Online Journal of Educational Technology-TOJET, 9(1), 176-184. https://eric.ed.gov/?id=EJ875781.

Pettersson, F. (2018). On the issues of digital competence in educational context—a review of literature. Education and Information Technologies, 23(3), 1005-1021. https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s10639-017-9649-3.

Puentedura, R. (2006). Transformation, Technology, and Education. Presentation given August 18, 2006 as part of the Strengthening Your District Through Technology workshops, Maine, US. Retrieved from http://hippasus.com/resources/tte/part1.html.

R. Sudha Nair and Tay Choo Chuan. (2021). Integrating Technology that Uses Modified SAMR Model as a Pedagogical Framework in Evaluating Learning Performance of Un-dergraduates. The Educational Review, USA, 5(10), 373-384. DOI: 10.26855/er.2021.10.001.

Rao, V. S. P. and Narayana, P. S. (1998), Organisation Theory and Behaviour, (Delhi: Konark Publishing Company), (329-330).

Saldaña, J. and Omasta, M. (2016). Qualitative research: Analysing life. Sage Publications.

Schlichter, A. (2020). The Impact of Covid-19 on Education: Insights from Education at a Glance. Paris: OECD Publishing. Retrieved from https://www.oecd.org/education/the-impact-of-covid-19-on-education-insights-education-at-a-glance-2020.pdf.

Simpson, J. A. and Weiner E. S. C. (1989). The oxford English dictionary (2nd ed.) vol. 1. Oxford: Clarendon Press.

Thomas, S. (2016). Future Ready Learning: Reimagining the Role of Technology in Education. 2016 National Education Technology Plan. Office of Educational Technology, US Department of Education.

Virkus, S. (2008). Use of Web 2.0 technologies in LIS education: experiences at Tallinn University, Estonia. Program, 42(3), 262-274. https://doi.org/10.1108/00330330810892677.

Williams, M. D. (2000). Introduction: What is technology integration? M. D. Williams (Ed.), Integrating Technology into Teaching and Learning: Concepts and Applications. Prentice Hall.

Yoke, S. K. (2018, April 6). Are educators ready for Education 4.0? The Star Online. Retrieved on August 24, 2018, from https://www.thestar.com.my.

Yunus, M. M., Salehi, H., and Chenzi, C. (2012). Integrating social networking tools into ESL writing classroom: Strengths and weaknesses. English language teaching, 5(8), 42-48. DOI:10.5539/elt.v5n8p42.

Zaidieh, A. J. Y. (2012). The use of social networking in education: Challenges and opportunities. World of Computer Science and Information Technology Journal (WCSIT), 2(1), 18-21.

Zainal, A. Z. and Zainuddin, S. Z. (2020). Technology adoption in Malaysian schools: An analysis of national ICT in education policy initiatives. Digital Education Review, (37), 172-194. https://doi.org/10.1344/DER.2020.37.172-194.

How to cite this paper

Students Perception in Technology Integration and its Alignment within the ISTE Standards

How to cite this paper: R. Sudha Nair. (2021). Students Perception in Technology Integration and its Alignment within the ISTE Standards. The Educational Review, USA5(12), 460-469.

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.26855/er.2021.12.002

Free HPG Newsletters

Add your e-mail address to receive free newsletters from Hill Publishing Group.

Contact us

Hill Publishing Group

8825 53rd Ave

Elmhurst, NY 11373, USA

E-mail: contact@hillpublisher.com

Copyright © 2019 Hill Publishing Group Inc. All Rights Reserved.