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DOI:http://dx.doi.org/10.26855/ijfsa.2022.06.011

Foraging Insects and Pollinating Efficiency of Bees (Hymenoptera: Apoidea) on the Spring Fababean (Vicia Faba L. Variety Minor)

Date: June 20,2022 |Hits: 180 Download PDF How to cite this paper

Benachour Karima1,*, Laadjabi Imène2, Aguib Sihem3, Bakiri Esma3

1Institut of the Nutrition, Food and Agri-Food Technologies, Laboratory of Biosystematics and Ecology of Arthropods, Mentouri Brothers University of Constantine 1, Constantine, DZ-Algeria. 

2Independent researcher, Constantine, Algeria.

3Deparment of Animal Biology, Faculty of Natural and Life Sciences, Laboratory of Biosystematics and Ecology of Arthropods, Mentouri Brothers University of Constantine 1, DZ-Algeria.

*Corresponding author: Benachour Karim

Abstract

The foraging insects of the spring fababean were studied in the Constantine region in the locality of Ibn Ziad (North-west of the Constantine city) during the 2019 flowering period. Apoid Hymenoptera were the most frequent insects on the plant and were mostly represented by the Apidae: the honey bee, Eucera numida Lep., Bombus terrestris L. and Xylocopa violacea L. The wild bee, E.numida, always performs a positive foraging on the flowers and all its visits are potentially fertilizing unlike the other three bees which always collect nectar from holes made at the base of the corolla. Eucera numida carries more compatible pollen grains on its body; B.terrestris and X.violacea carry a lot more foreign pollen. The presence of pollinating insects significantly improves the seed yield of fababean; the number of formed pods and seeds, and the seed weight (ten seeds) were significantly higher in open pollination; the pods of the bagged flowers also gave a percentage of aborted and wrinkled seeds higher than that obtained from the free flowers but statistical tests do not show significant difference.

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How to cite this paper

Foraging Insects and Pollinating Efficiency of Bees (Hymenoptera: Apoidea) on the Spring Fababean (Vicia Faba L. Variety Minor)

How to cite this paper: Benachour Karima, Laadjabi Imène, Aguib Sihem, Bakiri Esma. (2022) Foraging Insects and Pollinating Efficiency of Bees (Hymenoptera: Apoidea) on the Spring Fababean (Vicia Faba L. Variety Minor). International Journal of Food Science and Agriculture6(2), 208-215.

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.26855/ijfsa.2022.06.011

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